Kumpulan Istilah Dalam Dunia Komputer

Pada kesempatan yang indah ini saya ingin berbagai sedikit wawasan yaitu tentang singkatan atau istilah-istilah yang biasa digunakan dalam dunia komputer. Barangkali ini bisa menjadi referensi buat temen-temen semua yang membutuhkan. Kumpulan istilah-istilah dunia komputer ini saya dapat dan saya koleksi dari berbagai sumber di internet.

Dibawah adalah daftar kumpulan istilah dalam dunia komputer yang saya susun berdasarkan urutan abjad A - Z :

- A -

ACPI - Advanced Configuration and Power Interface

ACR - Advanced Communications Riser

ADC - Analog to Digital Converter

ADPCM - Adaptive Differential Pulse-Code Modulation

ADSL - Asymmetric Digital Subscriber LineAGP - Accelerated Graphics Port

ALI - Acer Labs, Incorporated

ALU - Arithmetic Logic Unit

AM - Active Matrix

AMD - Advanced Micro Devices

AMR - Audio Modem Riser

ANSI - American National Standards Institute

APM - Advanced Power Management

ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ASIC - Application Specific Integrated Circuit

ASPI - Advanced SCSI Programming Interface

AT - Advanced Technology

ATA - Advanced Technology Attachment

ATAPI - AT Attachment Packet Interface

ATM - Asynchronous Transfer Mode

ATX - Advanced Technology Extended

- B -

BGA - Ball Grid Array

BIOS - Basic Input Output System

BIT - Binary Digit

BNC - Barrel Nut Connector

BNC - Berkeley Nuclear Connector

BNC - British Naval Connector

BSRAM - Burst Static Random Access Memory

- C -

CAS - Column Address Signal

CAV - Constant Angular Velocity

CD - Compact Disk

CDR - Compact Disk Recorder

CDRW - Compact Disk Re-Writer

CDTV - Commodore Dynamic Total Vision

CD-ROM - Compact Disk - Read Only Memory

CFM - Cubic Feet per Minute (ft³/min)

CGA - Color Graphics Adapter

CISC - Complex Instruction Set Computer

CLV - Constant Linear Velocity

CMOS - Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor

CMYK - Cyan Magenta Yellow Black

COAST - Cache On A Stick

CNR - Communication Network Riser

CPRM - Copyright Protection for Recordable Media

CPU - Central Processing Unit

CSU/DSU - Channel Service Unit/Data Service Unit

CRC - Cyclic Redundancy Check

CRIMM - Continuity Rambus Inline Memory Module

CRT - Cathode Ray Tube

- D -
DAC - Digital-to-Analog Converter

DACS - Digital Access and Cross-connect System

DAE - Digital Audio Extraction

DDC - Display Data Channel

DDR - Double Data Rate

DDR-SDRAM - Double Data Rate - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory

DEC - Digital Equipment Corporation

DIMM - Dual Inline Memory Module

DIP - Dual Inline Pin

DMA - Direct Memory Access

DOCSIS - Data Over Cable Systems Interface Specifications

DRAM - Dynamic Random Access Memory

DPI - Dots Per Inch

DS/DD - Double Sided, Double Density

DS/HD - Double Sided, High Density

DSL - Digital Subscriber Line

DSP - Digital Signal Processing

DSTN - Dual Supertwisted Nematic

DUN - Dial Up Networking

DVD - Digital Versatile Disc

DVD-RAM - Digital Versatile Disk - Random Access Memory

- E -
EBps - Exabytes per second

Ebps - Exabits per second

ECC - Error Correction Code

ECP - Enhanced Capability Port

EDO - Extended Data Out

EEPROM - Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

EPROM - Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

EGA - Enhanced Graphics Adapter

EGA - Enhanced Graphics Array

EIDE - Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics

EIAJ - Electronics Industry Association of Japan

EISA - Enhanced Industry Standard Architecture

EMI - Electro-Magnetic Interference

EMS - Expanded Memory Specification

ESDRAM - Enhanced Synchronous Dynamic DRAM

EPIC - Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing

EPP - Enhanced Parallel Port

ESD - Electro-Static Discharge

EWSD - Electronic Worldwide Switch Digital

- F -

FC-PGA - Flip Chip Pin Grid Array

FDC - Floppy Disk Controller

FDD - Floppy Disk Drive

FDDI - Fiber Distributed Data Interconnect

FeRAM - Ferroelectric Random Access Memory

FIFO - First In First Out

FLOPS - Floating Point Operations per Second

FMD - Flourescent Multi-layer Disk

FMD-ROM - Flourescent Multi-layer Disk - Read Only Memory

FPGA - Field-Programmable Gate Array

FPM - Fast Page Mode

FPS - Frame Per Second

FPU - Floating Point Unit

FSAA - Full Screen Anti-Aliasing

FSB - Front Side Bus

FXSR - Fast Save and Restore

- G -

GART - Graphics Address Remapping Table

GB - Gigabytes

GBps - Gigabytes per second

Gbps - Gigabits per second

GDI - Graphical Device Interface

GFD - Gold Finger Device

GHz - GigaHertz

GPA - Graphics Performance Accelerator

GPU - Graphics Processing Unit

GSR - Gigabit Switched Router

GTS - GigaTexel Shade

- H -

HCI - Human-Computer Interaction/Interface

HDD - Hard Disk Drive

HIPPI - High Performance Parallel Interface

HPA - High Performance Addressing

HSF - Heat Sink and Fan

HSR - Hidden Surface Removal

HardOCP - Hard Overclocker Comparison Page

- I -

IBM - International Business Machines Corporation

IC - Integrated Circuit

ICH - I/O Controller Hub

IDE - Integrated Drive Electronics

IDSL - ISDN Digital Subscriber Line

IEEE - Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers

IFTTC - Integrated Fiber To The Curb

IFITL - Integrated Fiber In The Loop

IHA - Intel Hub Architecture

I/O - Input/Output

IR - Infra Red

IRQ - Interrupt Request

ISA - Industry Standard Architecture

ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network

ISO - International Standards Organization

- J -

JBOD - Just a Bunch Of Disks

- K -

Kbps - Kilobits Per Second

KBps - KiloBytes per second

KNI - Katmai New Instructions

KVM - Keyboard Video Mouse

- L -

LASER - Light Amplified by Stimulated Emissions of Radiation

LBA - Logical Block Addressing

LCD - Liquid Crystal Display

LDT - Lightning Data Transport

LED - Light Emitting Diode

LIF - Low Insertion Force

LIFO - Last In First Out

LMA - Lightspeed Memory Architecture

LPT - Line Print Terminal

LUN - Logical Unit Number

LVD - Low-Voltage Differential

- M -

MAC - Media Access Control

MB - MotherBoard

MB - Megabyte

MBps - Megabytes Per Second

Mbps - Megabits Per Second

MC - Micro-Channel

MCA - Micro Channel Architecture

MCE - Machine Check Exception

MCGA - Multi-Color Graphic Array

MDRAM - Multibank Dynamic Random Access Memory

MEMS - Micro-Electromechanical Systems

MFLOPS - Millions of FLoating point Operations Per Second

MFM - Modified Frequency Modulation

MHz - MegaHertz

MIPS - Million Instructions Per Second

MMX - Multi-Media Extensions

Modem - Modulate/Demodulate

MTRR - Memory Type Range Registers

- N -

NAS - Network Attached Storage

NAT - Network Address Translation

NFG - Not Functioning Good

NIC - Network Interface Card

- O -

OC - Overclock (Over Clock)

OEM - Original Equipment Manufacturer

OTFT - Organic Thin-Film Transistor

- P -

PA-RISC - Precision Archetecture Reduced Instruction Set Computing

PAL - Phase Alternation Line

PAN - Personal Area Network

PAT - Port Address Translation

PBC - Pipelined Burst Cache

PC - Personal Computer

PCB - Printed Circuit Board

PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect

PCM - Pulse Code Modulation

PCMCIA - Peripheral Component Microchannel Interconnect Architecture

PCMCIA - Personal Computer Memory Card International Association

PGA - Professional Graphics Array

PIO - Programmable Input/Output

PIXEL - Picture Element

PLD - Programmable Logic Device

PnP - Plug ‘n Play

POST - Power On Self Test

POTS - Plain Old Telephone System

PPGA - Plastic Pin Grid Array

PPP - Point to Point Protocol

PPPoA - Point-to-Point Protocol over ATM

PPPoE - Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet

PRAM - Parameter Random Access Memory

PROM - Programmable Read-Only Memory

PSU - Power Supply Unit

PWM - Pulse Width Modulation

- Q -

QDR - Quadruple Data Rate

- R -

RADSL - Rate Adaptive Digital Subscriber Line

RAID - Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks

RAID - Redundant Array of Independant Disks

RAM - Random Access Memory

RAMDAC - Random Access Memory Digital Analog Convertor

RDRAM - Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory

RGB - Red Green Blue

RIMM - Rambus Inline Memory Module

RISC - Reduced Instruction Set Computing

RLL - Run Length Limited

ROM - Read Only Memory

RPM - Revolutions Per Minute

- S -

SAN - Storage Area Network

SASID - Self-scanned Amorphous Silicon Integrated Display

SCA - SCSI Configured Automatically

SCSI - Small Computer System Interface

SDRAM - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory

SDSL - Synchronus Digital Subscriber Line

SECC - Single Edge Contact Connector

SEP - Single Edge Processor

SEPP - Single Edge Processor Package

SGI - Silicon Graphics Incorporated

SGRAM - Synchronous Graphics RAM

SIMD - Single Instruction-Stream, Multiple Data-Stream

SIMM - Single Inline Memory Module

SLI - Scan Line Interleave

SLIP - Serial Line Internet Protocol

SMDS - Switched Multimegabit Data Service

SMP - Symmetric MultiProcessing

SNR - Signal to Noise Ratio

SODIMM - Small Outline Dual Inline Memory Module

SPARC - Scalable Processor ArChitecture

SOHO - Small Office Home Office

SRAM - Static Random Access Memory

SSE - Streaming SIMD Extensions

STN - Supertwisted Nematic

STP - Shieled Twisted Pair

SVGA - Super Video Graphics Array

S/PDIF - Sony/Philips Digital Interface

- T -

TB - Terabytes

TBps - Terabytes per second

Tbps - Terabits per second

TEC - Thermoelectric Cooler

TFT - Thin Film Transistor

THz - TeraHertz

TIM - Thermal Interface Material

TNT - TwiN Texel

TOPS - Theoretical Operations Per Second

TSOP - Thin Small Outline Package

TTL - Transistor Transistor Logic

TWAIN - Technology Without An Important Name

- U -

UART - Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter

UDMA - Ultra Direct Memory Access

UMA - Unified Memory Architechture

UPS - Uninteruptible Power Supply

USB - Universal Serial Bus

UTP - Unshieled Twisted Pair

- V -

VCD - Video CD

VCM - Virutal Channel Memory

VCRAM - Virtual Channel Read Access Memory

VDSL - Very High Data Digital Subscriber Line

VESA - Video Electronics Standards Association

VFD - Vacuum-Flourescent Displays

VGA - Video Graphics Array

VIVO - Video In, Video Out

VLB - VESA Local Bus

VPN - Virtual Private Network

VRAM - Video Random Access Memory

- W -

WORM - Write-Once Read-Many

WRAM - Window Random Access Memory

WYSIWYG - What You See Is What You Get

- X -

XGA - Extended Graphics Array

XMS - Extended Memory Specification

XT - Extended Technology

- Z -

ZIF - Zero Insertion Force

ZV - Zoomed Video


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Ansory Esce
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